Septic Arthritis

Septic arthritis is an extremely painful infection in the joint. Bacteria or less usually fungi may spread from other body areas which are infected to a particular joint. There are also times when bacteria will only infect the joint and not harming the other areas of the body.
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With septic arthritis, the germs infiltrate the joint usually only one and will damage it resulting to swelling, warmth and severe pain. Most commonly, bacteria will target your knee even if other joints will also be affected with septic arthritis which will include hip, wrist, elbow, shoulder and ankle. Most likely, young children as well as older adults will develop septic arthritis.   If this is treated within a week after the symptoms have appeared first, there will be complete recovery for most individuals.
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Symptoms of Hip Arthritis

Septic arthritis will usually cause intense discomfort and difficulty in using the joint being affected. The signs and symptoms can be:

  • Fever
  • Pain that is severe in the joint that is affected particularly when you move the joint
  • The affected joint is swollen
  • The area of the affected joint is warm
  • In children, more symptoms can include:
  • Poor appetite
  • Weakness or malaise
  • Rapid heartbeat or tachycardia
  • Irritability

If you are using medications for other forms of arthritis, you will not be able to feel severe pain with septic arthritis since these medications can mask the pain as well as fever.

In adults, the joints in the arms and legs most especially the knees are the most typically affected with septic arthritis.

In children, the most likely affected joint will be the hip. Children who are suffering from septic arthritis of the hip will frequently hold their hips in a fixed position and will try to avoid any rotation of the joints.

In rare cases, other joints like the ones located in the head, neck and back can also be affected.

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