Neck arthritis is primarily due to three major kinds of arthritis which will affect the neck. These include osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic condition which will affect the joints of the body on both sides. This can be the result of inflammation of the joint cartilage which will lead to its destruction.
Osteoarthritis is the most usual arthritis that affects the neck and will slowly lead to the degeneration of the cartilage. This happens because of the wear and tear of the joints in between the bones. Post-traumatic arthritis is due to repetitive stress such as falls in contact sports or injury to the neck which will result to numerous hyperextensions and hyperflexions of the neck. This will develop many years after the injury.
Arthritis can also be due to heredity. The presence of some genes will put a person at risk to developing neck arthritis. Persons after the age of forty years are more susceptible into suffering from neck arthritis. This is because as a person increases with age, the healing ability of the person will decrease. More often, men will develop neck arthritis compared to pre-menopausal women. However, the risk for neck arthritis will increase in women after the menopausal period. Any previous neck injury will also be one of the reasons in developing neck arthritis.
Signs and symptoms of Neck Arthritis
Pain and stiffness in the neck are the most common signs of neck arthritis. These signs could get worse in a standing position in contrast to lying down because of the force of gravity on the spine. In addition, sleeping can aggravate the symptoms considering that while sleeping the muscles are relaxed and will not be able to provide additional support to the spine. Patients may also suffer from several neurological signs such as numbness and severe pain down the arms, forearms and hand, tingling and weakness. Another symptom which is usually experienced by patients at the back areas of the head is headache. They will also experience spinning, dizziness and loss of balance as the disease progresses to the advanced stages because the blood supply to the brain is decreased.