What is the most typical form of knee arthritis?
The most common form of knee arthritis is osteoarthritis. This is also termed as degenerative joint disease or wear-and-tear arthritis. It is characterized by progressive wearing away of joint cartilage. When the protective cartilage is worn away due to knee arthritis, the bare bone will be exposed in the joint.
Who will develop knee arthritis?
Usually, knee arthritis will affect patients with greater than 50 years of age. This can be more common in individuals who are overweight. Weight loss will likely reduce the symptoms which are related with knee arthritis. This condition also has genetic predisposition which would mean that knee arthritis will likely run in families. Other factors which will contribute to the development of knee arthritis are meniscus tears or ligament damage, fractures to the bone surrounding the joint and trauma to the knee.
What are the symptoms of knee arthritis?
The symptoms of knee arthritis will tend to progress as the condition will worsen. What is remarkable about knee arthritis is that the symptoms will not always progress continually with time. Frequently, patients report good as well as bad months or the symptoms will vary according to the weather. This is essential to understand given that comparing symptoms of arthritis on a certain day will not represent accurately the complete progression of the condition.
The most typical symptoms of knee arthritis include:
- Pain while doing some activities
- Range of motion is limited
- Knee stiffness
- Joint swelling
- Tenderness felt along the joint
- A sensation that the joint will give out
- Joint deformity which could either be knock knees or bow-legs
Evaluation of a patient suffering from knee arthritis will start with physical examination as well as X-rays. These will become baselines in assessing more examinations later on and to determine the progression of the disease.